American Electric Power (AEP) is one of the largest electric utilities in the United States and one of Fortune Magazine’s World’s Most Admired Companies in the electric and gas utilities sector. Delivering electricity to nearly 5.4 million customers through 359,000 km of distribution lines in 11 states in its traditional service territory, AEP owns the nation’s largest electricity transmission system. AEP formally commissioned the world's first integrated carbon capture and storage project at a working power plant in 2009, built and is operating the first US ultra-supercritical high efficiency pulverized coal generating plant since 2012 and more recently patented and put into service a revolutionary high capacity/high efficiency new compact transmission line design, BOLDTM (Breakthrough Overhead Line Design). In 2017 BOLD was recognized for its world class, innovative electrical, environmental, aesthetic, and cost-effectiveness performance by the Edison Electric Institute, CIGRE, Public Utilities Fortnightly and the National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners. AEP also ranks among the United States’ largest generators of electricity, owning approximately 26,000 MW of generating capacity, including 3200 MW of renewable energy. AEP is building a 2 GW windfarm, the largest in the US. AEP provides energy to additional states through its affiliate companies. The future disposition of generating units and increases in use of renewables and other clean energy resources will continue to shrink AEP’s carbon footprint. AEP’s headquarters are in Columbus, Ohio.
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- Any plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions must be accompanied by a thorough assessment of the impact on grid reliability, allow adequate time for implementation, respect the authority of states and other federal agencies, and preserve a balanced, diverse mix of energy resources for electricity generation.
- Any U.S. carbon policy or regulation must be rational in terms of timing, scope and reduction targets.
- Any climate action framework should be built on a rational approach and take into account the regional differences in the role of carbon within the U.S. economy to ensure that there is not undue economic harm.
- Climate change should be addressed at the federal level and it must be economy-wide.
- Regardless of the outcome of legal challenges to the Clean Power Plan (CPP), it is likely there will be some form of U.S. carbon regulation in the future.
- President Trump’s executive order doesn’t change AEP’s focus on generating and delivering electricity in ways that meet the needs and expectations of our customers. That includes diversifying our resource mix and investing in renewable generation and other innovations that increase efficiency and reduce emissions.
- Regardless of the outcome of the CPP, AEP will continue its long-term commitment to serving our customers in cost effective and environmentally responsible ways.
In 2015, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) finalized its Clean Power Plan (CPP), a regulation designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from existing coal-fueled power plants. The U.S. Supreme Court placed a hold on the plan’s implementation in early 2016 to allow for a thorough legal review of the new rule. U.S. EPA proposed repealing the regulation on October 10, 2017. Without resolution of the ongoing litigation or final EPA action, the future of the CPP remains unclear.
AEP’s contributions towards decarbonization
AEP’s Carbon Asset Analysis
RISK FACTORS – POLICIES, REGULATIONS, TECHNOLOGIES, MARKETS, ETC.
- Carbon regulation - CO2 emissions reductions in energy sector; the uncertainty over the Clean Power Plan’s future and whether new regulation will take its place.
- Lack of commercially-viable technology to directly reduce carbon emissions, such as carbon capture and storage (CCS).
- Depressed coal market caused by low natural gas prices and cost-competitiveness of renewables and other technologies.
- Lower resource diversity and reliability and greater price volatility due to further coal and nuclear plant retirements.
EXPOSURE TO OPERATORS OF CARBON-INTENSIVE ASSETS AND FINANCIAL EXPOSURE TO LENDERS AND INVESTORS.
- If carbon regulation or legislation is implemented, it is unclear how it would be implemented or the impact it would have on existing fossil units.
- Lack of technology (such as CCS) could limit the viability of traditional coal generation stations in the long term, should emission limitations require additional significant reductions.
- During 2016, our coal producers’ financial conditions have improved but there have been some closures of smaller mining operations due to depressed coal market prices. Our regulated coal supply continues to have exposure in both price and availability, especially with Central Appalachian coal.
- Market conditions and tax policies could continue to drive reliance on gas-fired units and renewables, further eroding diversity of generating resources and exposing customers to price volatility and outages.
ANALYSIS – HOW IS CARBON RISK BEING EVALUATED?
- AEP has been planning for carbon regulation possibilities through the inclusion of a carbon price in its integrated resource planning process for many years. As the fate of the Clean Power Plan or other regulations that may be implemented emerge, AEP will reassess its carbon price and related planning processes.
- AEP continues to monitor commercial viability of carbon capture and storage (CCS) and other emerging technologies.
- AEP continually assesses coal market fundamentals to examine both supply and demand.
- AEP is working with market participants and regulators to mitigate risks.
- AEP is focusing its investments on shifting to non-emitting generation, such as universal-scale renewables, and has retired approximately 25 percent of its coal generating fleet through the end of 2016.
- AEP took an active role in advancing CCS technology through research and development several years ago and has reduced potential exposure through coal unit retirements and asset diversification.
- AEP actively manages its coal procurement process to ensure a diverse, reliable supply of coal is available at a reasonable cost.
- Capital expenditures have moved substantially from environmental investments to investments in infrastructure, including transmission, and other customer-focused technologies.
- Existing fossil plants play a vital role in providing reliable, 24/7 capacity and energy to the power grid. We will continue to responsibly operate these plants to deliver value to our customers and communities.
- AEP does not foresee construction of new coal plants in the U.S.
To learn more about the company’s achievements, please visit AEP http://www.aepsustainability.com/environment/climate.
reduction in carbon footprint since 2000
transmission network, the largest in the US with more 765-kilovolt extra-high voltage transmission lines than all other US transmission systems combined
increase in renewables capacity in the next 12 years
The EDF group is an integrated energy company, active in all electricity businesses: generation, transmission and distribution (activities handled by its subsidiaries RTE and Enedis), sales and marketing, efficiency and energy services and energy trading. It is the leading player in the French electricity market and holds strong positions in Europe (mainly in the UK, Italy and Belgium), which makes it one of the world’s leading electric energy companies and a renowned gas player. With a global installed net generation capacity of 132.3 GWe as of December 31, 2016, generating 583.9 TWh, the Group has one of the largest generation fleets in the world. Among the ten largest global power suppliers, it produces the smallest amount of CO2 per kilowatt-hour generated thanks to the share of nuclear, hydro and other renewable energies in its generation mix. The EDF group supplies electricity, gas and related services to 37.1 million customer accounts worldwide (of which 26.2 million are in France).
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As a global leader in low-carbon energy, the EDF Group covers every sector of expertise, from generation to trading and transmission grids. EDF builds on the expertise of its people, its R&D and engineering skills, its experience as a leading industry operator and the attentive support of its customers to deliver competitive solutions that successfully reconcile economic growth with climate protection.
Being a responsible and efficient electricity producer that champions low carbon growth: this is the goal of the EDF group, driven by the CAP 2030 strategy.
EDF’s CAP 2030 priorities:
Three priorities, which combine the search for growth drivers with the optimization of existing assets:
- proximity to customers and local communities;
- low carbon generation, with a balanced mix of nuclear and renewable energy;
- international expansion.
- Proximity to customers and local communities
In order to support customers and local communities in their energy transition, the EDF group offers them competitive low carbon energy solutions and acquired industrial expertise in smart grids.
The EDF group’s strong position in energy services via Dalkia and other subsidiaries (Sodetrel, Edelia, Netseenergy) allows to support its customers in achieving energy performance and developing decentralised local systems. As for residential customers, the EDF group offers and continues to develop a range of digital energy services, marketed in France and in the “core European countries” (United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium). Existing offerings and customer relations will also continue to be enriched by new digital technologies and features, facilitated in particular by smart meter systems deployed in several countries.
The EDF group is fully engaged in the energy transition:
- by proposing or developing energy saving solutions for its customers (insulation, high-efficiency solutions, deployment of digital tools such as e.quilibre, enabling residential customers to monitor their energy consumption, etc.);
- by working to replace fossil fuels with new efficient uses of electricity, which could represent additional dozens of TWh in France by 2030 (electric mobility, heat pumps, low carbon habitat, etc.);
- by developing carbon-free and decentralized electricity generation capacity such as the self-consumption offer “Mon soleil et moi”;
- by developing and operating heating networks that use renewable and recovery energies.
Finally, the development of renewable energies, the deployment of the Linky smart meters and the emergence of metropolitan areas are putting the distribution networks at the front line of the transformation of the electricity system. The distributor thus plays a key role as facilitator of the energy transition.
To support the energy transitions, the EDF group is intensifying research and development in storage, solar energy, electric mobility, smart electricity systems and sustainable local energy solutions (smart cities).
- Low carbon generation: nuclear and renewable energies
To remain the leader in low carbon electricity generation, the EDF group is intensifying the development of renewable energies while ensuring at the same time the safety, performance and competitiveness of the existing nuclear fleet and new nuclear investments. In fact, EDF’s nuclear fleet is already giving France a major lead compared to its neighbours as for curbing greenhouse gas emissions, all while ensuring lower electricity costs.
Achieving the low carbon generation goal starts with the consolidation of the hydropower and nuclear asset basis:
- EDF regularly invests in hydropower concessions in order to tie together economic, energy and environmental performance, and will propose solutions strengthening hydropower generation;
- EDF is investing in order to obtain approval to extend, under the highest safety conditions, the operating life of the French nuclear fleet beyond 40 years, now that the economic and carbon competitiveness of this fleet has been demonstrated.
- investments are also made to extend the operating life of the entire UK nuclear fleet by of eight years on average;
The EDF group will continue new developments, balanced between nuclear new build projects and renewable energies. The main issues concerning nuclear new build projects are:
- the commissioning of Flamanville 3 and Taishan;
- the project of building and operating two EPR reactors at Hinkley Point, UK;
- the preparation of the reactors of the future with the New Model EPR project, conducted jointly with AREVA;
- the strategic and industrial partnership with AREVA.
In regard to renewable energy, the new means developed will be essentially onshore wind power, photovoltaic, hydropower and offshore wind power, with projects not only in France, but also in the United States, Brazil, Chile, India and China.
In line with the low carbon generation priority, EDF supports the need to implement measures to increase the price of CO2, such as the principle supported by the French Government of a price corridor for European quotas. EDF believes that such measures should be applied to all sectors to be fully effective. They will constitute an incentive for economic and financial operators to invest in the cheapest ways to reduce carbon emissions and help give full value to non-polluting assets.
- International expansion
The EDF group wants to be a key player in the energy market in France and in its core countries in Europe (United Kingdom, Italy, Belgium) by playing a role in energy security, the enhancing of economic competitiveness and the European economy low carbon transition, in line with public policies.
The Group is also expanding outside Europe in a few targeted countries with high growth potential and is strengthening its expertise and the competitiveness of its offers.
Investment in low carbon generation projects, and in energy and engineering services are central to the Group’s development strategy in these countries. A proactive approach is also being implemented in hydropower to reproduce the undisputed success of the dam in Laos through some specific projects.
Gas-to-power regulated infrastructure projects are also being developed where they are a key component of the energy transition.
For more information, visit www.edf.com
installed capacity, generating 584 TWh of electricity
of electricity generation is CO2-free
A leading player in the world’s power and gas markets, Enel is a multinational power company that operates in over 30 countries across four continents with over 61 million users worldwide. Enel is one of Europe’s leading power companies in terms of installed capacity and reported earnings, with a net installed capacity of more than 83 GW and an electricity network of approximately 1.9 million km. In 2017, Enel was recognized by Fortune as one of the 50 companies capable to “change the world”, incorporating solutions to social challenges as part of its business strategy. Enel is a pioneer in the development and application of innovative solutions, including renewable energy generation, smart grids, distribution, electric mobility, energy efficiency and energy storage.
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Enel is committed to generate electricity at zero emission by 2050:
- Under Enel’s current strategic plan, a medium-term target has been set in 2020 of reducing CO2 emissions by 25% compared to 2007 levels, stepping up the previous target (-18%) set in 2014.
- This target also includes Enel’s plan to decommission 13 GW of fossil power plants
- Enel made climate change a priority by making commitments in line with the Sustainable Development Goals to 2030 released by the United Nations. Climate action is, indeed, one of the four goals Enel selected out of the 17 ones included in the United Nations list.
Enel’s contributions towards decarbonization
In 2016, approximately half of the electricity the Enel Group produced was free of carbon dioxide emissions, making it one of the world’s major producers of clean energy. Furthermore, Enel has committed to decarbonize its energy mix by 2050.
Additional renewable capacity
The Enel Group expects to add 6.7 GW of additional renewable capacity between 2017 and 2019, including both managed and consolidated assets. The Built, sell and operate model will allow the Group to capitalize on its 21 GW pipeline more quickly, decrease the overall risk profile and crystallize value creation earlier. On top of this, development of new renewable capacity is a crucial step in the Enel Group’s path to zero emission by 2050.
New business and innovative technologies
Enel is engaged in developing new innovative solutions to deliver clean energies. Currently Enel is focused on the following technologies:
- Storage: supporting the transition toward a zero emission world
- Off grid systems: bringing electricity to remote areas
- Hybrid Solutions: optimizing the reliability of the supply and reducing the cost of the renewable energy sources electricity
- Electric mobility: working on e-mobility including vehicle to grid technology and enabling the integration of e-cars into the electricity grid (“V2G”).
Enel is developing new services that use energy to respond to global challenges. To learn more, visit www.enel.com/en
CO2-free production, including diversified generation from renewables such as hydropower, wind, geothermal, and solar
Reduction of CO2 emissions by 2020 compared to 2007 (“science-based” target), and committed to be zero emission by 2050
of additional renewables to be added in Strategic Plan 2017-2019
EuroSibEnergo (ESE) is the largest private power producer in Russia and among the largest hydropower generating companies in the world. ESE is a vertically-integrated company with a total installed capacity of 19.7 GW, providing approximately 9% of Russia’s electricity and over 40% of electricity in Siberia. Most of ESE’s power assets are located in the Siberian region of Russia, supplying electricity to aluminium smelters, oil and gas production facilities, mining enterprises, pulp and paper mills, machinery works, airline plants and over 1 million households. ESE is engaged in all of the power industry’s key areas, including electric power generation, transmission and distribution, power trading and supply. The company’s strategy is focused on the development of clean energy, promoting energy efficiency and growth, while reducing its carbon footprint.
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ESE’s CO2 emissions in 2016 were 46% lower than in 1990 (19.2 million tons vs. 35.4 million). The company’s 2025 corporate target is to decrease greenhouse gas emissions by an additional 42% in comparison to 2016 levels.
Overall, greenhouse gas emissions in Russia dropped from 3,941 million tons CO2 eq. in 1990 to 2,816 million tons CO2 eq. in 2013. Electricity and heat production CO2 emissions account for 27% of total CO2 emissions. The target is to limit greenhouse gas emissions to 70-75% of 1990 levels by 2030.
ESE’s contributions towards decarbonization
Optimization of existing capacities:
- Increase the share of hydropower generation instead of combined heat and power generation as a result of more efficient use of water flow.
- Decrease electricity and heat losses in electric grids and heating networks.
- Shutting down inefficient fossil fuel generation.
- Conversion of combined heat and power generations from coal to gas and transition to a lower carbon-emitting electricity generation.
Promotion of the development of lower or zero carbon-emitting technologies:
- Consider the extension of photovoltaic park Abakan Solar Power Plant, completed in 2015.
- Consider the use of wind potential and development of wind generation. Russia has significant wind potential and ESE is analysing commercially and technically feasible projects sites for further wind farm development.
- Replace off-grid diesel consumers with small hydropower plants. A feasibility study is under development to identify where the replacement of off-grid diesel generating units with small hydropower plants is the most favourable.
Participation in global and regional initiatives regarding green energy development and cross-border grid interconnections in Northeast Asia:
- About 9% of the world's hydropower resources are concentrated in Russia and the hydro potential of Siberia and the Far East is developed in less than 20% of its capacity. This determines unique opportunities for hydropower development.
- From 2012 to 2015, jointly with World Wildlife Fund of Russia, ESE has completed a comprehensive research project on the impact of prospective hydropower plants on the ecosystem and the socio-economic development of the region, identifying the most environmentally-friendly new dam locations.
- With a view to benefit from long-term trends in fast-growing Asian markets by delivering green energy and utilizing strategic advantage of unique hydro potential, ESE is currently developing two green-field hydropower projects in Siberia with a total installed capacity of up to 1.5 GW.
- In 2013 and 2014, a joint investigation with Melentiev Energy Systems Institute (the Russian Academy of Science) regarding electricity supply options, mainly renewable, from Siberia and the Far East of Russia to China, was conducted.
- In 2014 and 2015, a joint study was conducted in the framework of cooperation between Skolkovo Institute of science and technology (Skoltech), ESE and Korean KEPCO Corporation with regard to development of optimal routes of electricity delivery, mainly renewable, from Russia to China, the Republic of Korea and Japan.
ESE considers the reduction of greenhouse gases to be one of its main priorities.
carbon-free installed capacity
reduction in CO2 emissions since 1990
decrease in greenhouse gas emissions by 2025 compared to 2016 levels
Hydro-Québec is a world leader in the field of hydroelectricity and North America’s largest producer of renewable energy. This vertically-integrated utility generates, transmits and distributes electricity and is the operator of an extensive high-voltage transmission system. With a total installed capacity of 36,908 MW (as of 2016), Hydro-Québec generates over 99% of its electricity from renewable sources. Nearly 20,000 employees serve over 4 million customers in Québec and supply electricity to wholesale markets in northeastern North America. Hydro-Québec is a leader in the development of innovative battery and motor technology for electric vehicles and is actively involved in transportation electrification. A responsible corporate citizen committed to sustainability, Hydro-Québec plays a pivotal role in the transition to renewables and the decarbonization of electrical generation.
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Below is a description of the context within which Hydro-Québec operates and relevant objectives in terms of decarbonization.
Regarding the Province of Québec:
- With 99.8% of its output generated from water, Hydro-Québec’s net greenhouse gas (GHG) emission record is among the best in North America, giving Québec one of the lowest carbon footprints on the continent
- By 2012, the province had reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by 8% compared to 1990 levels, surpassing its reduction target by 2%
- 2030 target: reduce GHG emissions by 37.5% compared to 1990 levels
- Greenhouse gas emissions dropped from 543 kg of carbon dioxide equivalents (CO2 eq.) in 1990, to 377 in 2013
- 2030 target: reduce GHG emissions by 30% compared to 2005 levels
- Provincial governments, such as Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario and Québec, have already implemented moderate measures to limit their emissions.
Hydro-Québec’s contributions towards decarbonization
Taking part in Québec’s energy transition:
- Adding 1,140 MW to our hydroelectric generating capacity in Québec and building necessary transmission facilities
- Closing thermal generating stations feeding into the main grid
- Connecting isolated villages to the main grid and shutting down off-grid thermal generating stations
- Progressively converting off-grid systems to cleaner, less expensive energy sources
- Continuing research on emerging renewables with a view to lowering costs and eventually combining them with off grid thermal generating stations
Furthering electric transportation:
- Making a major contribution to the development of the public charging network, the Electric Circuit, powered by Hydro-Québec, and Canada’s largest network of public charging stations
- Contributing financially to the development of electric infrastructure for public transit
- Developing and commercializing innovative technologies in energy storage and electric powertrains
Exporting more clean energy:
- Increasing exports of renewable energy to neighboring jurisdictions in Canada and the US and contributing to the achievement of their GHG reduction goals.
The company has already taken many steps to reduce its carbon footprint, cutting emissions by 88% since 1990. To learn more about Hydro-Québec’s achievements and their many actions taken towards decarbonization, see their site on sustainable development at http://www.hydroquebec.com/sustainable-development/.
generation from hydropower, a clean, renewable source
$134 million CAN
annual R&D budget at its world-class research institute
cut in emissions since 1990
The Kansai Electric Power Company, Incorporated is the second-largest electric utility in Japan and a leader in the country’s electric power industry. The company’s installed capacity in Japan totals 36.57 GW and its overseas installed capacity totals 2.57 million kW in nine countries. The company owns and operates over 150,000 km of transmission and distribution lines, including Japan’s first and longest ultra-high voltage transmission line. As a provider of energy services that are closely connected with the environment, the company fully recognizes the scale of impacts its business activities have on the global environment, and therefore will strive to alleviate the environmental burden and environmental risks accompanying its business activities.
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- Despite the negative factors such as the lower capacity factor of nuclear power and hydroelectric power than previous year, the FY2016 CO2 emission factor is approximately the same as FY2015.
- Kansai is a member of the Electric Power Council for a Low Carbon Society (“ELCS”), and ELCS is seeking to achieve emission factor of about 0.37 kg-CO2/KWh (user-end) by FY2030.
The target of ELCS is consistent with Japan’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), which towards post-2020 GHG emission reductions is at the level of a reduction of 26.0% by FY 2030 compared to FY 2013, ensuring consistency with its energy mix.
Kansai’s contributions towards decarbonization:
- Nuclear power generation prioritizing safety
- Maintaining and improving thermal efficiency of thermal power plants and further increasing natural gas use
- Development and promotion of renewable energy
- Technical development efforts such as Apollon solar power short-time forecasting system
- Contribution to energy conservation, cost reductions and CO2 emissions reductions for customers and society
To learn more about Kansai’s achievement and the actions taken toward decarbonization, visit http://www.kepco.co.jp/english/csr/
$101 million US
invested in R&D per year
19 billion kWh
generated from renewable energies in FY2016
RusHydro is one of Russia’s largest power-generating companies. A leader in renewable energy power production, the company generates electricity from a diversity of virtually carbon-free technologies including water flows, tidal, wind and geothermal energy. The company’s has 38.9 GW of installed capacity from its 90 renewable energy facilities, including the Sayano-Shushenskaya hydropower plant, the largest in Russia. RusHydro has a controlling stake in RAO Energy Systems of the East, with 9,047 MW of installed electric capacity, 18.2 Gcal/h of heat capacity and more than 104,000 kilometers of grid lines in Russia’s Far East. Outside Russia, the company owns the 561 MW Sevan-Razdan Cascade in Armenia. Environmental sustainability and ensuring a reliable energy supply through safe operations are top priorities for RusHydro.
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RusHydro's contributions towards decarbonization
- Five solar plants were commissioned in 2015 in the Sakha-Yakutia Republic for 1 110 kW.
- The 900 kW Ust’ Kamchatsk Wind Farm, in the Kamchatka peninsula, was commissioned in 2015
- The 450 kW Novikovo Wind Farm, on Sakhalin Island, was commissioned in 2015
Energy efficiency (energy resources savings in 2015 by RusHydro):
- Electricity savings of 307.3 GWh in 2015
- Additional output due to hydropower plants optimization of approximately 30 GWh
- Natural gas savings of 752 thousand m3
- Savings of 188 tons of diesel fuel
- Savings of 31,848 tons of other types of fuel
- Electricity savings of 65,307 thousand kWh
International Hydropower Association Hydropower Sustainability Protocol:
- RusHydro in now introducing the application of the IHA Hydropower Sustainability Protocol to all stages of its hydropower project development (initiation, design, construction, operations).
- Moreover it is adapting the protocol to Russian country-specific conditions to facilitate the introduction of the IHA Hydropower Sustainability Protocol to all hydropower projects across Russia.
- The principles underlying this Hydropower Sustainability Assessment Protocol, combined with results of a Protocol assessment, provide an important framework for considering questions about the sustainability of any particular hydropower project.
Membership in Climate Partnership of Russia:
- Shortly before the Paris climate summit in December 2015, a number of Russian companies, including RusHydro launched the Russian Partnership for Climate Protection, where RusHydro presented its position on the conference "Clean Energy 2016".
- The main topic of the discussion was to provide the balance of sustainable development and the interests of the Russian economy, energy and the environment. Russian Partnership members with the support of Ministry of Economic Development held a round table on "How the world came to the conception “carbon price?”. The economic aspects of the transition to a low-carbon economy and the arguments in favor of such a transition were discussed at the meeting.
RusHydro Initiatives aimed at mitigation of environmental impact:
- Target average of 12% decrease in specific reference fuel consumption by 2025, due to gradual substitution of obsolete thermal generation capacities by more efficient, including an increase of the share of gas-powered facilities vs coal-powered ones.
- Projects in the field of biodiversity, such as stocking water bodies with fish, protection of bird population in grid construction projects and support of natural reserves.
RusHydro’s research and development projects
- Pilot binary block on Pauzhetskaya Geothermal power plant of 2.5 MW
- Research and development in the field of small hydro power plants including surveying, design, and construction of small hydro power plants. For example: Barsuchkovskaya, Bolshoi Zelenchuk, Ust’-Dzhegutinskaya and Zaragizhskaya.
- Development and testing of technologies to monitor piezometric pressure in the hydraulic structure elements.
- Selection and test of coating technology on hydropower plant construction in order to prevent freezing and gain efficiency when cleaning accumulated ice.
- Development of software for monitoring and forecasting the reliability of hydraulic structures in hydropower plants in difficult engineering-geological conditions.
- Research of new technologies to repair and restore elements of the hydraulic structures in order to increase the life time and reliability.
- Strengthening of structural elements of hydropower plants and pumped storage power plants, using external reinforcement system.
- Investigation of the energy development in Kamchatka through local energy resources.
Ensuring a reliable energy supply and the safe operation of equipment and hydropower facilities, respecting local populations and the environment is one of the key strategic objectives of RusHydro. To learn more visit http://www.eng.rushydro.ru/
total installed capacity
renewable energy facilities, including over 70 hydropower plants
targeted decrease in specific reference fuel consumption by 2025
State Grid Corporation of China was established on December 29, 2002, with construction and operation of power grids as its core business. As a mega state-owned enterprise crucial to China's energy security and economic lifeline, its mission is to provide safer, cleaner, more economical and sustainable power supply. State Grid supplies power to over 1.1 billion people in 26 Chinese provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, covering 88% of China’s territory. As the world’s largest public utility, State Grid ranked 2nd on the Fortune Global 500 in 2017 and it owns and operates overseas assets in 7 countries and regions. State Grid is committed to providing clean energy and quality service, to build a world-class power grid and develop into a leading global power company.
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The Chinese government is committed to the energy transition and sustainable development, setting targets for non-fossil energy shares, as well as for renewable energy development such as wind power, solar power and hydropower. Non-fossil energy accounted for 12% of primary energy consumption in 2015.
- Increase non-fossil energy shares from 12% to 15%
- Increase the amount of renewable energy used to the equivalent of 730 million tons of standard coal.
- Increase renewable energy generation to 1900 TWh (accounting for 27% of the total generation)
State Grid’s contributions towards decarbonization
- Working on promoting “Two Replacements”
- Clean replacement
Replacing fossil energy production with clean energy in and realizing a clean energy-dominant energy mix, which will fundamentally solve resource and environmental constraints of energy supply and promote sustainable development of energy.
- Electricity replacement
Replacing fossil energy, such as coal and oil, in energy consumption by electricity to increase the share of electric energy in energy end-use. The key task is to promote the strategy of “replacing coal and oil with clean electricity delivered from afar”.
- Clean replacement
- Building a strong and smart grid and UHV backbone grid, as well as meeting requirements of clean energy development and consumption
- By the end of 2016, there were 6 AC and 5 DC ultra-high voltage projects in operation, as well as 3 AC and 6 DC ultra-high voltage projects under construction.
- In 2016, ultra-high voltage grid transmitted 154.3 TWh of electricity across regions and provinces.
- There are currently 342 smart grid pilot and demonstration projects, 2554 smart substations and over 310 million smart meters in activity.
- A fast-charging network for electric vehicles was constructed, covering 14,000 km of highway and connecting 95 cities.
- Working on possessing the capacity of 2200 TWh clean energy electricity consumption per year by 2020
- Supporting the goal to reach 15% non-fossil energy share and renewable energy development targets.
State Grid has already taken many actions to reduce its carbon footprint. More details can be found at http://www.sgcc.com.cn/ywlm/socialresponsiility/index.shtml
of China's territory is serviced by State Grid
of ultra-high voltage transmission lines
of clean energy to be integrated into the grid by 2020